Chip Seal 101: How Long Before You Can Drive on It?

Chip Seal Paved Surface | Lubbock, TX | West Texas

When it comes to chip seal 101, exactly how long before you can drive on a chip sealed surface? If you’re asking yourself the same thing, find out more below!

There are thousands of materials you can pave your driveway with. Some of the more common materials include concrete, asphalt, and gravel. 

Flying under the radar is a unique material that creates a textured/colorful look known as chip seal. In some cases, chip sealing might be a better choice than traditional materials. Chip sealed driveways offer a customizable, attractive, and easy-to-maintain addition to any home. 

Before chip sealing your driveway, you should do some research. What is chip seal? How long will it last? Determining when chip sealed driveways are safe to drive on is of the utmost importance. 

This will be your 101 guide to the chip sealing process. 

Decide on Chip Seal

Why do people choose chip seal for their driveways over other materials? There are a few things chip sealing can offer that other materials can’t.

Chip sealing can keep water from penetrating the surface of the road. It can also fill cracks that old pavement presents. Chip seal has a non-glare surface in wet weather and acts as an increased reflective surface when driving at night. 

This type of driveway is also skid-resistant. An intriguing piece to the puzzle when wet pavement is a concern. 

Creating Chip Seal

Chip seal is made by pouring asphalt/tar on top of a base layer of gravel. Before the tar has a chance to cool, a decorative layer of stone (also known as the aggregate) is pressed into the tar with a roller. The stones can be big or small, colorful or not, the choice is yours. 

The process repeats after the previous layer is cured. You can continue the process until you’ve achieved your desired look. These curing times vary and depend on the climate.

Chip seal driveways are often picked because of their low cost. In comparison to those traditional materials, chip seal is about 15 to 20 percent lower in cost. 

Driving on Chip Seal

Once the aggregate is rolled over, you’re clear to drive over chip seal. 

Although you’re safe to drive on the chip seal, you should use caution when turning and stopping. Aggressive stops and sharp turns should be avoided for at least 24 hours. 

The 24-hour rule also stands with long periods of parking. Allow a full day to pass before parking overnight on your new chip seal driveway. 

Advantages/Disadvantages

When it comes to chip sealing your driveway, you have to weigh your options. Your final decision will depend on the number of advantages versus disadvantages chip seal has in comparison to other materials. 

Let’s go over them.

Advantages include:

  • Customizable color and texture
  • Cheap install ($5-$7 per square foot)
  • No regular maintenance/sealing

Disadvantages include:

  • Certain vehicles cause more damage
  • Resurface needed every 5-7 years
  • Contractors don’t install many chip seal driveways

Family-Owned Superior Asphalt 

When it comes to the best chip seal, Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing has you covered.

Family-owned across three generations, our Lubbock paving company has provided West Texas with 30 years of support. We have been putting our customers first since we first opened in 1963. 

Run by brothers and corporate officers, James and Pat Daley, we provide paving services from asphalt paving to chip sealing, asphalt resurfacing, and more. When you work with us, you receive years of industry experience backed by quality products and services. 

Need a reputable paving contractor in West Texas? For West Texas, Lubbock, Midland, Odessa, Levelland, Amarillo, Abilene, San Angelo, and surrounding areas, we’ve got your asphalt and paving needs covered.

If you have a project coming up, don’t hesitate to call. We’re ready to provide you with Superior Asphalt. 

Can You Seal Cracked Pavement? (The Answer Is Yes!)

Cracked Pavement

Wondering if you can seal cracked pavement? Surprisingly enough, the answer is yes. Find out more about how to repair cracked pavement below.

According to the Asphalt Institute magazine, more than 90% of all roads in the United States are paved with asphalt.

In other words, every state in the country has determined that asphalt is the go-to choice for roads that balance quality and affordability. This sturdy material can last about 10-30 years before needing repairs such as asphalt resurfacing.

However, a good crack sealing can help extend the life of a paved surface, whether that be your driveway or your parking lot.

Read on to learn all about how cracked pavement wears out and how you can avoid it with your own pavement.

Causes of Cracked Pavement

Cracks form in pavement due to either excess loading, or a high-stress climate environment. In many cases, harsh weather will weaken pavement, and an especially heavy load will finish the job.

A heavily laden truck can cause cracks to splinter across your pavement in a pattern known as alligator’s skin.

In some cases, the eventual breakdown of pavement is actually caused by faulty installation. Workers may make a mistake and create a dysfunctional mix of asphalt.

The bottom layers of the road can also be laid improperly. This makes them fail to provide the asphalt on top with the support it needs. That leads to an accelerated breakdown of the asphalt.

This is one reason why it’s so important to find excellent quality paving contractors for asphalt paving.

One more way that asphalt can become damaged is if small cracks are allowed to form in it. Once a small crack in asphalt forms, it provides a convenient place for water to sit. This water can slowly eat away at the pavement, or it can freeze, expanding inside the pavement’s cracks and causing further cracking and surface issues.

Problems Caused by Cracked Pavement

Cracked and rough pavement reflects poorly on the business or homeowner it belongs to. Unsightly cracked pavement texture is one of the first things that visitors will notice when stopping by.

Low-quality pavement can also interfere with the ability of trucks and other heavy machines to drive on your pavement. Even regular cars can suffer damage from driving on cracked pavement.

How to Repair Cracked Concrete Pavement

Ideally, you want to get your cracked pavement repair done before the pavement breaks down completely and needs replacing. A good sealing job can delay your need for replacement, and it will also protect your pavement from future damage.

So who do you call for cracked pavement? For most paving repair projects, you’ll want to find the most qualified paving professionals in your area. The more important a professional-looking pavement and efficient work environment are for you, the more crucial it is to find someone who will get the job done right.

Know How to Handle Cracked Pavement in Your Neighborhood

We hope you learned something helpful from this brief piece about the causes of and solutions for cracked pavement. To learn more, check out our quality paving services in West Texas.

Need a reputable paving contractor in West Texas? For West Texas, Lubbock, Midland, Odessa, Levelland, Amarillo, Abilene, San Angelo, and surrounding areas, we’ve got your paving and asphalt needs covered (literally).

Check out some of our paving solutions here. With 30 years of experience as a family-owned company, our team at Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing know all things asphalt.

Contact us today at (806) 407-7297 for more information or to schedule an inspection and a free quote. Ask us about our Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)!

Now That’s Handy! 3 Benefits of Laying Asphalt by Hand

Laying Asphalt by Hand

If you’re a builder or contractor, you may be looking for creative ways to lay asphalt. Here are the benefits of laying asphalt by hand and how it works.

You thought it was your fault. You hit an unexpected pothole and blame it on a momentary distraction. Then you hit another one, and another one, until you realize, These roads have got to go. 

We get it, life’s hard enough. There’s nothing worse than bumpy, hole-ridden and unsafe roads amplifying an already rocky day. 

Luckily, laying asphalt by hand is becoming more accessible to builders and contractors alike. Whether for residential communities or commercial buildings, there are several benefits to laying asphalt by hand. 

Here’s the why and how behind laying asphalt by hand.

Benefits of Laying Asphalt by Hand

Whether you find yourself needing to pave new asphalt, resurface old asphalt, chip seal, or seal cracks, there are many benefits to laying your own. Asphalt has become the go-to material for local roads, asphalt driveway installation, highways, blacktops, and parking lots everywhere. Here’s why:

1. It’s Low-Cost and Low-Maintenance

Not only is asphalt more economical than concrete, but it’s also a recyclable and reusable material. While the phrase “set it and forget it” most applies in the kitchen, consider the same to be true for asphalt.

Once it’s compacted, you can forget about it for a couple of decades. Or, if you choose to dig up old asphalt, you can resurrect it in your new project. 

2. It’s Efficient

Asphalt works with the elements. It attracts warmth by reflecting the sun. It’s a moldable material which means that it acclimates to the environment naturally.

Similarly, just as asphalt reflects heat, (which helps in cold places), it also absorbs sound for more peace in home, school, and office environments.

Asphalt surfaces also reduce fuel consumption by lowering emissions from vehicles. It improves the quality of water runoff too, which impacts the surrounding grass and its soil.

3. It’s Safer Overall

Due to asphalt’s natural flexibility, it’s long-lasting life-span creates fewer problems in general. Whether asphalt’s skid-resistance gives you a safer commute to work or a smoother place for the kids to run outside, consider it the asphalt advantage.

Tips for Laying Asphalt by Hand

While laying asphalt can be done by hand, heavy machinery is best left for the builders and contractors in the business. Here are a few tips for how to lay asphalt successfully:

  1. Prepare your worksite
    • Whether it’s your driveway, a highway, or a school parking lot, remove all extra debris for easy surfacing.
  2. Create a solid subbase
    • The subbase thickness recommendations will depend on your worksite’s subbase material.
  3. Smooth compaction
    • Use a steamroller methodically to prevent bumps or waves in the pavement and ensure its long-lasting benefits.

Once you’ve accomplished these three steps, asphalt can be laid in two days and ready two days later!  

Your Asphalt Awaits

No matter your property type or location, asphalt doesn’t discriminate. In addition to asphalt paving benefits, you can also use seal coats to further maximize its lifespan. 

There are aesthetic options to consider when laying asphalt by hand. There are plain and textured gravel choices, and well as different topcoat colors. No matter what you choose, you can’t go wrong with asphalt.

Looking for a reputable paving contractor in West Texas? For West Texas, Lubbock, Midland, Odessa, Levelland, Amarillo, Abilene, San Angelo, and surrounding areas, we’ve got your asphalt and paving needs covered (literally).

Check out some of our paving services here. With 30 years of experience as a family-owned company, our team at Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing know all things asphalt.

Contact us today at (806) 407-7297 for more information or to schedule an inspection and a free quote. Ask us about our Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)!

5 Blacktop Resurfacing Options for Schools

blacktop resurfacing options for schools

Need your school’s blacktop repaired? Whether elementary school, middle school, high school, or college, keep these blacktop resurfacing options in mind.

Is your school’s blacktop looking a bit…worn down? If you’re a school administrator or property owner looking for the right paving solution to fix your school’s blacktop, look no further.

Blacktop resurfacing options are more varied than you might think. Having a thorough understanding of your options and their different characteristics will help you make sure you choose the very best of paving options for your school.

Here’s a simple guide to 5 blacktop resurfacing options for your school.

1. Crack Sealing

A school blacktop is where children and students spend a good portion of their time each day. It’s the place where they can let loose, play, and learn new things outside of the classroom. 

But, if your blacktop is starting to crack, this could pose a safety hazard to students and even lead to far more expensive or dangerous problems in the future.

Crack sealing is available to schools whose blacktops are in need of more minor resurfacing-type repairs. It’s a way for pavers to fill in potentially harmful cracks that are often caused by flooding or water damage.

2. Asphalt Resurfacing

Let’s say your blacktop is anywhere from 25 to 30 years old or more. If this is the case, then it’s likely time to do a total resurfacing. Good asphalt blacktops will usually stay in decent condition for upwards of 20 years. 

However, if it’s been a few decades or your blacktop is beyond the crack sealing state, a total asphalt resurfacing is probably needed. 

Fortunately, with a good reputable paver, resurfacing is a fast and cost-efficient way to fix your blacktop. It often entails having layers stripped off to check for existing damage, surface changes, or problems.

Resurfacing costs a fraction of the cost of a new paving job. Plus, it makes your blacktop look smooth and nice.

3. Asphalt Paving

If damage to your blacktop or the underlying surface is deeply severe, then you may find that resurfacing isn’t even enough.

In this case, asphalt paving will need to take place. You will have all layers of the existing blacktop removed and stripped. Then, completely new asphalt will need to be laid.

4. Chip Sealing

Chip sealing is another great alternative for blacktops needing resurfacing or repairs. Chip sealing is the use of small, tar chips and hot liquid asphalt cement to create a surface that’s easy to grip.

Chip sealing can be applied to an existing pavement to help protect it from weathering and aging. Chip sealing is also a cooler alternative to other types of pavement–something students might appreciate on a hot spring day in Texas.

5. Hot Mix Asphalt

Hot mix asphalt is low maintenance, just like asphalt paving. It’s another potential option for your school’s blacktop. Laying this asphalt can usually be done in around 2 days so your turnaround time is quick and the kids can get back to recess.

You can also often have hot mix asphalt, resurfacing, or paving done for your school’s driveways and parking lots in a 2-day window if needed.

More on Blacktop Resurfacing Options

If you’re thinking it’s time to check out your blacktop resurfacing options, contact us today at (806) 407-7297 for an inspection and free quote.

We provide paving solutions in Midland, Lubbock, Odessa, Pecos, Monahans, Eastern New Mexico, and nearby towns/cities.

The experienced pavers at Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing can help you decide which option is the best fit for your school.

Crack Sealing 101: How to Fill Cracks With Driveway Sealer

Driveway Crack Sealing

Don’t know how to fill cracks with driveway sealer? We’re here to help. Take a look at how to fill cracks with driveway sealer below.

Driveway cracks and flaws are one of the most common complaints of today’s homeowners. However, depending on the severity of the cracks, crack filling can also be a simple home repair you can do. With a sunny weekend and a few tools and supplies, you can freshly seal and restore your driveway like new.

If you are trying to decide whether or not to seal a surface or driveway yourself or have a professional repair it for you, don’t hesitate to contact us for experienced advice. As a leading Lubbock paving company, we have over 30 years experience providing high quality paving in Lubbock, Midland, Odessa, and throughout West Texas.

If you decide to try applying driveway sealer yourself, here is what you need to know.

Tools and Supplies

There are a few tools and supplies you’ll need to accomplish sealing your driveway. 

Tools:

  • Squeegee
  • Paintbrush
  • Broom

Supplies:

  • Weedkiller
  • Crack filler
  • Driveway sealant 

You can purchase most of these materials at your local home improvement store. There isn’t much difference between Home Depot’s driveway sealer and Lowes’s driveway sealer, so you should have plenty of options wherever you decide to go. 

There is a variety of weed killers as well. Make sure you give the weeds enough time to die so they can be pulled up and scraped off the cracks. The area must be completely dry before you begin the sealing process.

Before You Seal

Make sure you have at least three days of sunny skies forecasted before beginning. The concrete driveway sealer needs time to dry and set. More details about how long you need to wait for the driveway sealer given below. 

After the sealing is finished, keep in mind you will need to wait 24 hours before walking on it and 72 hours before driving on it. Make sure you have an alternate parking spot for your car during that time.

If you have large holes in your driveway, you may need to use a driveway patch to fill those in. If so, those need 4 – 6 weeks to cure and would need to be done prior to the filling of small cracks and the actual sealing process.

A clean surface is required for the sealant to adhere. That’s where the broom comes into play. Where you’ve used the weed killer, remove the dead weeds. Sweep the driveway clean of any rocks, stones or dirt. Alternatively, you can use a leaf blower to blow the dirt and debris away. 

Filling the Cracks

Using the crack filler, fill the 1″ to 2″ wide cracks in the driveway. Take care not to use too much product as any bumps it creates will show through the sealant. You can use a scraper to level the filler if necessary to make it smooth and flush. Let the crack filler dry completely for 6 -8 hours before applying the sealant. 

After the resealing is done, it would be a good idea to use preventative measures to avoid new cracks from forming.

Use Your Driveway Sealer

Now it’s time to apply the driveway sealant. Make sure to mix the sealant by turning the tubs upside down before opening them.

Use the paintbrush to do the end of the driveway first. This ensures a seamless finish along the edge that lays against the garage or house. After that, pour the sealant in small sections across the width of the driveway and use the squeegee to spread the sealant evenly.

Use consistent pressure to ensure an overall seamless finish. Let the driveway cure for 24 hours before applying a second coat if needed. 

Things To Remember

Using driveway sealer yourself to fill minor cracks can be an easy way to increase the life of your driveway. Keep in mind that due to the multiple drying times involved, this job is best done in a warmer, more moderate time of year.

If you have any questions, or interested in professional paving services such as crack sealing in Lubbock, Midland, Odessa or another West Texas location, please contact us at (806) 407-7297 today for a free quote.

Asphalt vs. Blacktop: What’s the Difference?

When it comes to asphalt vs. blacktop, what’s the difference? If you’re feeling unclear, read here to learn more about these two common surface mixtures.

Is there even a difference?

You’ve driven on both asphalt and blacktop, probably not knowing one from the other. As long as the road is smooth and gets you to work on time, you don’t think twice.

If you are curious about the two, then it’s helpful to know there is, in fact, a difference. It can be tricky to tell, but there are key contrasts to note.

Keep reading below to discover more about asphalt vs. blacktop surfaces.

Are the Ingredients Different?

The ingredients are exactly the same. This statement probably leaves you more confused about how the two are different. 

When it comes to asphalt vs. blacktop, the ingredients are the same but the way they are measured out and brought together are different.

The two main ingredients in both are crushed stone and bitumen. Bitumen is a viscous fluid and very thick. It’s used heavily in the construction industry.

In asphalt, the crushed stone is held together by the bitumen. It’s plenty strong enough for all cars and vehicles that drive over it, but it is malleable. 

When it comes to blacktop, there’s a higher ratio of crushed stone. It also has to be mixed at a higher temperature than asphalt. Blacktop isn’t as durable as asphalt.

What Are the Uses?

Since asphalt is more flexible than blacktop, it can be used for intricate paving projects like winding driveways. It’s also fairly water-resistant so it can be used to line pools. You’ll also see it used for airport runways.

Because blacktop isn’t as durable as asphalt, you’ll see blacktop used in more residential areas. There are plenty of pathways, playgrounds, and simple driveways that use blacktop. You can pick it apart from asphalt because it appears shinier in the sun.

Which One is Better?

Deciding which material is better is a situational decision. It depends on what project you’re doing and where you’re doing it.

For areas with less traffic, it can be better to use blacktop. If there’s going to be a lot of heavyweight vehicles going back and forth, go with asphalt. You can also use asphalt to seal cracks in driveways. 

Asphalt is also much smoother due to the lower amount of crushed rock and creates less wear on tires. Take this into consideration if you’re trying to choose between the two for a project. 

Know the Difference: Asphalt vs. Blacktop

When you’re late for class, you don’t really care what you’re driving on as long as it gets you there safely and quickly. It’s all the same. However, if you do start looking at asphalt vs. blacktop, you’ll start to notice differences.

Both are made with the same materials, but they are put together differently. When deciding which one to use, construction or paving specialists have to look at the environment and daily situations. Generally, asphalt has proven to be better in high traffic areas while blacktop is great for quiet, residential areas.

Looking to get quality paving work done? Contact us at 806-407-7297 to schedule an inspection and get a free quote.

Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing, Inc. provides trusted Lubbock paving solutions, as well as paving in Midland, Odessa, nearby West Texas areas, and the Eastern New Mexico region.

 

Driveway Repair: Resurface or Repair Your Driveway?

driveway resurfacing repair

Driveway repair can either be a big job, or a simple and quick fix. It is important that you know what you need in order to tell the pros!

Driveway repair can cost up to $25,000 depending on the type of material and what type of repair you’re doing.

Before you jump into an expensive repair, you need to know whether you need to completely resurface your driveway or if you can get away with a less expensive solution.

Keep reading to learn more about what type of driveway repair you can expect to need from your paving experts.

Simple Driveway Repairs

Let’s start by looking at two simple driveway repairs that can resolve smaller issues with your driveway. These are typically the least expensive driveway repair option and can cover the most common problems people run into with their driveway.

Crack Sealing

Even the smoothest-looking concrete has microscopic cracks in it. Over time, water gets into those cracks and expands them until there are visible cracks. The sooner you seal these, the better chance you have at the problem worsening.

Crack sealing involves using a sealant material to fill in the crack. The material bonds with the sides of the crack and prevents more moisture from penetrating it and making it worse.

Chip Sealing

Another common problem with driveways is chipping. This is when small pieces of your driveway come loose and a hole is formed. It starts off small, but expands with more time, moisture, and use. Chip sealing is the solution.

To avoid a chip from creating a huge problem in your driveway, you’ll want to have it repaired as soon as possible. We use a hot asphalt mixture that quickly bonds to the concrete and completely seals the hole.

When to Resurface Your Driveway

Sometimes, a simple repair just won’t be enough to resolve the problem you’re facing in your driveway. In these cases, you may want to have your driveway resurfaced, such as asphalt resurfacing. This procedure removes the top layer of your driveway and replaces it.

Many people prefer to resurface a driveway instead of replacing it because it’s more cost-effective and typically takes less time. However, the resulting appearance is that of a newly-laid driveway.

There are two ways to tell it’s probably time to resurface your driveway.

Too Many Cracks and Chips

If your driveway is starting to look more like a patchwork quilt than a sheet, it’s probably time to resurface it.

Often, there will be a point in which it will help you save money in the long run if you opt to have the whole driveway resurfaced instead of continuing to deal with each new crack and chip as it arrives.

Selling Your Home

When trying to sell your home, curb appeal matters. And, if you have a patchy, cracked, or chipped driveway, that can easily take away from the first impression potential buyers have of your home.

For that reason, we recommend resurfacing your driveway if you want to maximize your curb appeal to sell your home faster.

Need Help Choosing the Right Driveway Repair Option?

Now you know more about some of the driveway repair options you have. As you can see, there are plenty of options before having to completely resurface your driveway.

If you want to get advice on which of these options is right for you, contact us today at 806-407-7297. We’d be more than happy to help you make the right decision for you, your budget, and your driveway.

Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing, Inc. is your asphalt paving company in West Texas with over 30 years experience in the asphalt and paving industry.

We provide trusted residential and commercial paving services including asphalt paving in Midland, Lubbock, Odessa, and nearby West Texas locations, as well as the Eastern New Mexico region.

Say No to Cracks! How to Prevent Asphalt Cracks From Happening

asphalt cracks

There is nothing worse than seeing asphalt cracks on your worksite or property. Here’s how to prevent them from happening in the first place.

There are millions of miles of paved roads across the United States. If you have your own paved driveway or parking lot, you know how frustrating it can be to see asphalt cracks forming.

Although there’s not much you can do once a crack has formed other than crack sealing or resurfacing, there are some ways to prevent cracks in the first place. This will preserve the look of your asphalt and its integrity.

Continue below to learn more about the four biggest problems that cause asphalt cracking and what you can do about them.

Moisture

The biggest threat to asphalt by far is moisture. It gets into the base of the asphalt and weakens it by washing away the sand and dirt that are beneath the paved surface. This causes cracks that form from the bottom of the asphalt.

Moisture also causes cracks during freezing and thawing cycles. Water gets into cracks and then freezes. Since water expands when it freezes, it will make the crack larger. Although this isn’t a major concern in Texas, it can still happen.

To prevent moisture damage, proper installation is key. If you’re not planning on redoing your asphalt in the near future, then you’ll want to carefully maintain it by sealing cracks and chips as soon as they form. This will help keep moisture out.

Pressure

As vehicles put pressure on asphalt, this can cause cracking, especially when the base has been weakened by moisture or another factor. Fortunately, there are a few things you can do to prevent this type of cracking.

Avoid allowing heavy vehicles to drive over your asphalt as much as possible. You also should move vehicles around as much as possible. Sometimes, pressure cracking can be caused when you allow a vehicle to sit in the same place for a long time.

Heat

This is a common problem in Texas. The heat of the sun can pull all of the moisture out of the asphalt itself, making it brittle. This increases the chances of it cracking under normal use.

Once again, the best way to prevent this problem is to have asphalt paving properly installed. The main focus should be on ensuring you’re getting a high-quality asphalt mixture that can stand up to the hot Texas sun.

Age

No matter how well you care for your asphalt driveway or parking lot, it will break down over time and you’ll see an increase in the number of cracks after it’s been in place for 20 or 25 years.

Proper maintenance and fixing small problems as they pop up are the two keys to helping your asphalt surface last for as long as possible. However, at a certain point, you’ll need to go ahead and replace it.

Learn How Asphalt Cracks Are Repaired

Now you know how asphalt cracks form so you can take the necessary steps to prevent them in the first place. Avoiding cracks will help lengthen the lifespan of your paved surface which can help you save money on replacing your driveways, roads or parking lots.

If you have cracks starting to form, the best thing you can do is have them sealed as soon as possible. Learn more about how we seal asphalt cracks, then give us a call at 806-407-7297 so we can take care of your asphalt surface quickly.

Looking for an experienced asphalt paving contractor in West Texas? At Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing, Inc. our team of asphalt and paving specialists have over 30 years of experience in the asphalt and paving industry.

We provide trusted and experienced Midland asphalt paving, as well as in Odessa, Lubbock, and nearby West Texas locations.

The Different Types of Asphalt Pavements Explained

asphalt typesThere are several different types of asphalt pavements that are worth knowing about. To learn more about these types, continue reading below!

When it comes to any sort of paving, road repair, roofing and flooring, there is one common denominator: Asphalt.

What is asphalt, you ask? Well, the definition of asphalt is a mixture of a sticky, black, and semi-solid petroleum bitumen, sand, and gravel used to pave roads, roofs, and floors. There are many different types of asphalt and asphalt grades that most people are not aware of.

Types of Asphalt

To improve your understanding of asphalt types, here’s all about some of the major types of asphalt people use to pave asphalt roads, floors, and roofs with.

Get ready to become an asphalt expert.

1. Hot Mix Asphalt

Hot mix asphalt is the most commonly used asphalt type in the United States that paving specialists use to patch up, resurface, and pave roads for commercial and residential areas during warmer temperatures. This includes high-traffic roads, interstates, and highways, to name a few.

This type of asphalt is called hot mix asphalt because it is made to use while hot. Hot asphalt cools quickly so care is needed to make sure the asphalt doesn’t cool down too fast and become too rigid to properly compact over the paving surface.

2. Warm Mix Asphalt

Warm mix asphalt is similar to hot asphalt but is 50- 100 degrees Fahrenheit lower in temperature. Because warm mix asphalt is lower in temperature, it releases less greenhouse gases and doesn’t cool as fast as hot mix asphalt. Warm mix asphalt also uses less fuel consumption than hot asphalt.

Warm mix asphalt is a common type of asphalt mix, second to hot mix. This asphalt type is often used to pave roads, highways, interstates, driveways, tunnels, and walking paths due to its flexibility, cost savings, and being a bit more environmentally friendly. 

3. MC Cold Mix

MC cold mix asphalt is an asphalt mix that is often used while cold. This asphalt mix is generally used in areas that need temporary patching. MC cold mix asphalt is slow to cure.

Due to the nature of MC cold mix asphalt, it is best to use this type of asphalt in less populated areas with light traffic. The asphalt can also be stockpiled and used at a later date.

4. Dense-Grade Mixes

Dense-grade asphalt mixes, generally a well-graded hot mix asphalt, is the most common type of asphalt mix. This type of asphalt mix tends to be hot and is ideal for most road traffic conditions. Dense-graded mixes provide great performance under structural conditions, friction, and for repair and surfacing needs.

Dense-grade mix asphalt is easy to use because of its highly permeable nature. New dense grade mix asphalt is also great to use because of the fact that you can separate it into both fine graded or coarse graded asphalt. Most importantly, dense asphalt grades are popular to use because they perform very well in structural conditions.

5. Porous Asphalt

Porous asphalt is the type of asphalt that paving professionals use to pave many types of surfaces, so that water can drain through the pavement. Example surfaces include parking lots, driveways, sidewalks, bike paths, playgrounds, and tennis courts.

One of the best things about porous asphalt is its ability to last for so long. In fact, porous asphalt is known to last for more than twenty years. The fact that this asphalt can last for so long also makes it one of the more cost-efficient types of asphalt.

Make Sure You Know What Asphalt Is Being Used on Your Property

Now that you know more about the common types of asphalt out there, you will be more informed as to what asphalt choices and paving services you may need from an asphalt paving company for your residential or commercial property surfaces.

Looking for an experienced West Texas paving company? We have over 30 years experience in the asphalt and paving industry. This includes providing Midland paving services, as well as Lubbock, Odessa, and nearby West Texas and Eastern New Mexico regions.

Contact us at Daley’s Superior Asphalt by phone at 806-407-7297 for your next paving project and receive a free estimate.

How Does the Asphalt Driveway Installation Process Work?

asphalt driveway installation

Are you trying to learn more about the asphalt driveway installation process? Check out this post for more info or give us a call for your next project!

Asphalt paving has stood the test of time since it’s inception in 1824. Since then it has paved more than 2 million miles of US roads. Asphalt paving has always been the most eco-friendly paving option, relying on 80% recycled materials.

Asphalt driveway installation is the right fit for any modern USA business and helps create a neat, professional appearance. Here’s what to expect when you decide to get onboard.

Important Pointers for Asphalt Driveway Installation 

If you want to experience the full benefits of asphalt paving, it’s vital to employ a reputable, qualified, and experienced contractor to do the work for you.

Laying asphalt by hand is not a weekend DIY job and can lead to serious problems. When it’s installed incorrectly, asphalt will crack and lift over time, so it pays to leave it to the pros.

Here’s the drill:

1. Removing the Existing Surface

The first step in any paving installation is removing the existing surface with heavy machinery and getting rid of debris.

At this stage any old concrete and asphalt go to the recycling plant. 

2. Preparing the Surface for Drainage

Correct drainage is vital to prevent cracks, heaving, and potholes in your asphalt.

Your contractor uses the latest laser technology to determine the optimum gradient for runoff and then grades the surface appropriately.

3. Sub-Base Preparation

The most important part of any driveway or road paving is making sure the asphalt rests on a stable surface. 

The process involves spreading and compacting a layer of aggregate material, usually recycled concrete or asphalt,  over the designated area. 

4. Proof-Rolling

Next, a heavy truck drives over the surface to compact it further. This reveals any weak spots and allows the contractor to fill them in as needed. 

5. Adding the Binder

Once they’ve repaired any deficiencies, the contractor places a binder layer, made of aggregate mixed with oil, over the top.

This seals the aggregate, creating a durable surface for the asphalt to rest on.  

6. Laying the Asphalt

Finally, they’ll add the top layer of surface asphalt, consisting of sand, oil and small aggregate. These components create the attractive jet-black appearance of freshly laid asphalt. 

As a last step, a roller truck compacts the asphalt to smooth the surface. 

7. Smoothing Transition Areas

Most parking lots or driveways join to another surface, like a road or other areas of old asphalt, at some point. These transition areas require special attention to ensure that any butt joints do not interfere with water runoff. 

Your contractor should take care to ensure that these joins are discrete, creating a smooth flow that does not detract from the professional appearance of your paving. 

As a final touch, the roller truck comes in one last time to compact the transitions into a seamless finish. 

Get a Fresh Look for Your Business

It probably comes as no surprise that installing asphalt is a complex and time-consuming process. It’s one that pays off in the long run though. 

Get in touch with Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing, Inc., your paving company in West Texas, for help and advice for your next asphalt driveway installation project.

Our paving specialists with over 30 years experience provide leading paving services in West Texas. This includes, Lubbock, Odessa, Midland paving, and nearby West Texas areas and Eastern New Me

Give us a call at 806-407-7297 or contact us by form for any questions you may have, more information, and a free quote.