There are several different types of asphalt pavements that are worth knowing about. To learn more about these types, continue reading below!
When it comes to any sort of paving, road repair, roofing and flooring, there is one common denominator: Asphalt.
What is asphalt, you ask? Well, the definition of asphalt is a mixture of a sticky, black, and semi-solid petroleum bitumen, sand, and gravel used to pave roads, roofs, and floors. There are many different types of asphalt and asphalt grades that most people are not aware of.
Types of Asphalt
To improve your understanding of asphalt types, here’s all about some of the major types of asphalt people use to pave asphalt roads, floors, and roofs with.
Get ready to become an asphalt expert.
1. Hot Mix Asphalt
Hot mix asphalt is the most commonly used asphalt type in the United States that paving specialists use to patch up, resurface, and pave roads for commercial and residential areas during warmer temperatures. This includes high-traffic roads, interstates, and highways, to name a few.
This type of asphalt is called hot mix asphalt because it is made to use while hot. Hot asphalt cools quickly so care is needed to make sure the asphalt doesn’t cool down too fast and become too rigid to properly compact over the paving surface.
2. Warm Mix Asphalt
Warm mix asphalt is similar to hot asphalt but is 50- 100 degrees Fahrenheit lower in temperature. Because warm mix asphalt is lower in temperature, it releases less greenhouse gases and doesn’t cool as fast as hot mix asphalt. Warm mix asphalt also uses less fuel consumption than hot asphalt.
Warm mix asphalt is a common type of asphalt mix, second to hot mix. This asphalt type is often used to pave roads, highways, interstates, driveways, tunnels, and walking paths due to its flexibility, cost savings, and being a bit more environmentally friendly.
3. MC Cold Mix
MC cold mix asphalt is an asphalt mix that is often used while cold. This asphalt mix is generally used in areas that need temporary patching. MC cold mix asphalt is slow to cure.
Due to the nature of MC cold mix asphalt, it is best to use this type of asphalt in less populated areas with light traffic. The asphalt can also be stockpiled and used at a later date.
4. Dense-Grade Mixes
Dense-grade asphalt mixes, generally a well-graded hot mix asphalt, is the most common type of asphalt mix. This type of asphalt mix tends to be hot and is ideal for most road traffic conditions. Dense-graded mixes provide great performance under structural conditions, friction, and for repair and surfacing needs.
Dense-grade mix asphalt is easy to use because of its highly permeable nature. New dense grade mix asphalt is also great to use because of the fact that you can separate it into both fine graded or coarse graded asphalt. Most importantly, dense asphalt grades are popular to use because they perform very well in structural conditions.
5. Porous Asphalt
Porous asphalt is the type of asphalt that paving professionals use to pave many types of surfaces, so that water can drain through the pavement. Example surfaces include parking lots, driveways, sidewalks, bike paths, playgrounds, and tennis courts.
One of the best things about porous asphalt is its ability to last for so long. In fact, porous asphalt is known to last for more than twenty years. The fact that this asphalt can last for so long also makes it one of the more cost-efficient types of asphalt.
Make Sure You Know What Asphalt Is Being Used on Your Property
Now that you know more about the common types of asphalt out there, you will be more informed as to what asphalt choices and paving services you may need from an asphalt paving company for your residential or commercial property surfaces.
Contact us at Daley’s Superior Asphalt by phone at 806-744-2592 for your next paving project and receive a free estimate.