The Different Types of Asphalt Pavements Explained

asphalt typesThere are several different types of asphalt pavements that are worth knowing about. To learn more about these types, continue reading below!

When it comes to any sort of paving, road repair, roofing and flooring, there is one common denominator: Asphalt.

What is asphalt, you ask? Well, the definition of asphalt is a mixture of a sticky, black, and semi-solid petroleum bitumen, sand, and gravel used to pave roads, roofs, and floors. There are many different types of asphalt and asphalt grades that most people are not aware of.

Types of Asphalt

To improve your understanding of asphalt types, here’s all about some of the major types of asphalt people use to pave asphalt roads, floors, and roofs with.

Get ready to become an asphalt expert.

1. Hot Mix Asphalt

Hot mix asphalt is the most commonly used asphalt type in the United States that paving specialists use to patch up, resurface, and pave roads for commercial and residential areas during warmer temperatures. This includes high-traffic roads, interstates, and highways, to name a few.

This type of asphalt is called hot mix asphalt because it is made to use while hot. Hot asphalt cools quickly so care is needed to make sure the asphalt doesn’t cool down too fast and become too rigid to properly compact over the paving surface.

2. Warm Mix Asphalt

Warm mix asphalt is similar to hot asphalt but is 50- 100 degrees Fahrenheit lower in temperature. Because warm mix asphalt is lower in temperature, it releases less greenhouse gases and doesn’t cool as fast as hot mix asphalt. Warm mix asphalt also uses less fuel consumption than hot asphalt.

Warm mix asphalt is a common type of asphalt mix, second to hot mix. This asphalt type is often used to pave roads, highways, interstates, driveways, tunnels, and walking paths due to its flexibility, cost savings, and being a bit more environmentally friendly. 

3. MC Cold Mix

MC cold mix asphalt is an asphalt mix that is often used while cold. This asphalt mix is generally used in areas that need temporary patching. MC cold mix asphalt is slow to cure.

Due to the nature of MC cold mix asphalt, it is best to use this type of asphalt in less populated areas with light traffic. The asphalt can also be stockpiled and used at a later date.

4. Dense-Grade Mixes

Dense-grade asphalt mixes, generally a well-graded hot mix asphalt, is the most common type of asphalt mix. This type of asphalt mix tends to be hot and is ideal for most road traffic conditions. Dense-graded mixes provide great performance under structural conditions, friction, and for repair and surfacing needs.

Dense-grade mix asphalt is easy to use because of its highly permeable nature. New dense grade mix asphalt is also great to use because of the fact that you can separate it into both fine graded or coarse graded asphalt. Most importantly, dense asphalt grades are popular to use because they perform very well in structural conditions.

5. Porous Asphalt

Porous asphalt is the type of asphalt that paving professionals use to pave many types of surfaces, so that water can drain through the pavement. Example surfaces include parking lots, driveways, sidewalks, bike paths, playgrounds, and tennis courts.

One of the best things about porous asphalt is its ability to last for so long. In fact, porous asphalt is known to last for more than twenty years. The fact that this asphalt can last for so long also makes it one of the more cost-efficient types of asphalt.

Make Sure You Know What Asphalt Is Being Used on Your Property

Now that you know more about the common types of asphalt out there, you will be more informed as to what asphalt choices and paving services you may need from an asphalt paving company for your residential or commercial property surfaces.

Looking for an experienced West Texas asphalt paving company? We have over 30 years experience in the asphalt and paving industry, serving areas such as Lubbock, Odessa, and Midland, Texas.

Contact us at Daley’s Superior Asphalt by phone at 806-744-2592 for your next paving project and receive a free estimate.

How Does the Asphalt Driveway Installation Process Work?

asphalt driveway installation

Are you trying to learn more about the asphalt driveway installation process? Check out this post for more info or give us a call for your next project!

Asphalt paving has stood the test of time since it’s inception in 1824. Since then it has paved more than 2 million miles of US roads. Asphalt paving has always been the most eco-friendly paving option, relying on 80% recycled materials.

Asphalt driveway installation is the right fit for any modern USA business and helps create a neat, professional appearance. Here’s what to expect when you decide to get onboard.

Important Pointers for Asphalt Driveway Installation 

If you want to experience the full benefits of asphalt paving, it’s vital to employ a reputable, qualified, and experienced contractor to do the work for you.

Laying asphalt by hand is not a weekend DIY job and can lead to serious problems. When it’s installed incorrectly, asphalt will crack and lift over time, so it pays to leave it to the pros.

Here’s the drill:

1. Removing the Existing Surface

The first step in any paving installation is removing the existing surface with heavy machinery and getting rid of debris.

At this stage any old concrete and asphalt go to the recycling plant. 

2. Preparing the Surface for Drainage

Correct drainage is vital to prevent cracks, heaving, and potholes in your asphalt.

Your contractor uses the latest laser technology to determine the optimum gradient for runoff and then grades the surface appropriately.

3. Sub-Base Preparation

The most important part of any driveway or road paving is making sure the asphalt rests on a stable surface. 

The process involves spreading and compacting a layer of aggregate material, usually recycled concrete or asphalt,  over the designated area. 

4. Proof-Rolling

Next, a heavy truck drives over the surface to compact it further. This reveals any weak spots and allows the contractor to fill them in as needed. 

5. Adding the Binder

Once they’ve repaired any deficiencies, the contractor places a binder layer, made of aggregate mixed with oil, over the top.

This seals the aggregate, creating a durable surface for the asphalt to rest on.  

6. Laying the Asphalt

Finally, they’ll add the top layer of surface asphalt, consisting of sand, oil and small aggregate. These components create the attractive jet-black appearance of freshly laid asphalt. 

As a last step, a roller truck compacts the asphalt to smooth the surface. 

7. Smoothing Transition Areas

Most parking lots or driveways join to another surface, like a road or other areas of old asphalt, at some point. These transition areas require special attention to ensure that any butt joints do not interfere with water runoff. 

Your contractor should take care to ensure that these joins are discrete, creating a smooth flow that does not detract from the professional appearance of your paving. 

As a final touch, the roller truck comes in one last time to compact the transitions into a seamless finish. 

Get a Fresh Look for Your Business

It probably comes as no surprise that installing asphalt is a complex and time-consuming process. It’s one that pays off in the long run though. 

Get in touch with Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing, Inc. for help and advice for your next asphalt driveway installation project.

Our paving specialists with over 30 years experience provide leading paving services in West Texas.

Give us a call at 806-744-2592 or contact us by form for any questions you may have, more information, and a free quote.

When is the Best Time for Laying Asphalt and Paving a Driveway?

laying asphalt pavementCertain times are better than others when it comes to laying asphalt and paving driveways or parking lots. Find out more about the right time to pave below.

When alligator cracks or potholes plague your asphalt driveway in the middle of winter what do you do? Either you brave the potholes and risk your alignment, or you avoid parking in the driveway altogether. Neither is a practical or convenient solution.

While winter isn’t the ideal time for laying asphalt, it’s also not the worst time of year for your paving project.

Paving happens all year long, but the weather does matter. Take a minute and read about the best time to redo a driveway.

Asphalt Likes It Warm

Even here in Texas where winters are usually mild, it does get cold enough to delay paving projects, but it isn’t only air temperature that matters. Ground temperature matters too.

Generally, the magic number is 50.

Most asphalt applications need both ambient (air) and ground temperatures of a minimum of 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Ideally, the temperatures should rise above 50 degrees during the installation and compaction processes.

Why does temperature matter?

Keep in mind the texture of asphalt during installation. It’s wet and slightly lumpy. The paving crew uses a range of tools, including rollers to smooth and compact the asphalt. If the asphalt pavement cools too quickly, you’ll end up with a rough surface that retains water.

While air and ground temperature matters, so do the temperature of the asphalt mix.

How Hot Is Hot Asphalt?

Judging by its name—Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)—you’ve figured out you’re dealing with heat, right? What you might not know is asphalt plants mix this product at 275-350 degrees Fahrenheit.

Not only is this asphalt product mixed at a hot temperature, but it must also stay hot during the paving and compaction process. If air and ground temperatures don’t rise during installation, you’re at risk of rapid cooling.

Perhaps you’ve also heard of cold mix asphalt and you’re wondering why we can’t use it to pave your driveway.

While cold mix asphalt does work well for repairing small cracks and potholes it’s not as strong as HMA. It’s mainly used as a temporary patch until temperatures warm up enough to use the hot mix product.

The Ideal Time for Laying Asphalt

While we can’t lay asphalt in the rain, we can still pave a driveway during the winter months if the ground isn’t frozen.

That said, unless you have an emergency situation where you can’t use your driveway due to large potholes, you may want to wait until spring or fall. This ensures warmer air and ground temperatures.

The reason paving crews can’t install asphalt during or immediately after a rainstorm is because of the way temperature affects how HMA flows. If the mix can’t flow, it also won’t compact the right way. Without proper compaction, your driveway won’t last as long.

Need to Schedule a Paving Project?

Now that you know more about how air and ground temperature affects the way asphalt paving products work, you can start planning the best time for your paving project.

If your driveway, parking lot or other surface needs help, call us at 806-744-2592 or contact us by form for advice and a free quote.

At Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacting, Inc., we’ve been providing the best asphalt paving in West Texas for over 30 years, including in Lubbock, Odessa, and Midland paving.

We can discuss if now is the best time for specific asphalt services or if we need to use another method for repair.

5 Surprising Benefits of Asphalt Paving

asphalt paving benefitsAre you considering asphalt paving for your driveway or parking lot in West Texas? Find out all the benefits asphalt has to offer your home or business below.

Is your pavement cracked? Can you only take a few steps between potholes?

These are signs you need to replace your home driveway or business parking lot. But what are you supposed to replace it with?

The best choice is asphalt.

Not convinced? We’ve put together the top five benefits of asphalt paving that might surprise you.

So let’s get started!

1. It’s Safe

If your parking lot is full of bumps and potholes, your customers won’t want to drive their cars anywhere near your business. However, asphalt pavement is smooth, which means it won’t damage your car tires.

Asphalt also reduces glare from water spray and sun. This gives drivers better visibility. It prevents water from gathering on the surface, which reduces the risk of sliding or hydroplaning.

If you live in an area that gets a lot of cold weather, the dark color of asphalt absorbs a lot of heat, which means it melts snow and ice faster than other pavements.

2. It’ll Last a Long Time

Asphalt is a durable material. Once you finish the installation process, it will last a long time.

You won’t even have to perform any basic maintenance tasks to keep it in good condition for many years. It’ll withstand the local weather in your area without cracking or deteriorating in any way.

3. It’ll Save You Money

Choosing asphalt pavement for your parking lot or driveway will save both business owners and homeowners a lot of money.

And it does this in a few ways.

First of all, asphalt is cheaper than other pavement. This means you’ll save money right off the bat. The installation is also faster than other methods, so you’ll save money on labor costs.

For business owners, a fast installation means less downtime. If you don’t have to worry about downtime, you can keep making money as usual.

Remember, asphalt is durable. You won’t have to replace your parking lot or your driveway again in the near future.

4. It’ll Raise the Value of Your Home/Attract More Customers

Asphalt pavement doesn’t just save you money or keep you safe. It also makes your home or business look great.

For homeowners, this will increase your curb appeal, which will raise the value of your home. Because of this, you’ll be able to make more money if you ever need to sell your house.

For business owners, a clean, beautiful parking lot makes your business look more professional and more trustworthy. Customers will be attracted to your business since it looks reputable.

5. It’s Eco-Friendly

When it does come time to replace your parking lot or driveway (which will take quite a while), all the old asphalt gets recycled.

This makes asphalt an eco-friendly option.

When you choose to install asphalt pavement, you’re doing your part to take care of the world. Customers like businesses who think about the environment, so it can also help establish your brand and gain new customers.

Asphalt Paving Benefits You Need to Know

There are many benefits of asphalt paving, so if you’re looking for the right parking lot or driveway replacement, asphalt pavement is the best option out there.

Looking for a trusted asphalt paving company in West Texas for your next project?

At Daley’s Superior Asphalt Manufacturing, Inc., we provide over 30 years of experience providing asphalt paving in Midland, Lubbock, Odessa, and nearby areas.

Contact us by form or phone at 806-744-2592 for more information about our asphalt & paving services and get a free quote.